ohmmat nano is a simple and cost effective way to convert a composite in a heater. The best of composite and silicone rubber worlds bonded by the strength of Nanotechnology.
Nobody doubts nowadays about the great advantages of composites and their increasing demand in the last decades. What was only present in specially demanding technology applications like aerospace, appears to be today a promising alternative to materials used in different industrial sectors. Automotive industry is by far the largest market for composites. Weight reduction is the greatest advantage of composite materials usage. Composites are often the material of choice in corrosive environments like chemical processing plants. Fiber reinforced composites are also replacing many traditional materials for home and architectural components like doors, wall panels and frames. Composite materials offer windmills constructors strength and flexibility through manufacturing processes with the added benefit of lightweight components. Industrial sectors like sport and recreation, marine, energy and finally, electronics, choose composites thanks to their arc and track resistance.
When a composite needs to be heated, the standard solution is to attach a silicone rubber heater to its surface, by means of a PSA acrylic adhesive. When using this kind of heating, and specially when what is pursued is simplicity and efficiency at the same time, the following issues has to be taken into account:
In the frame of Spanish funding (2) has developed OHMMAT NANO, a patent pending technology (3) that enables embedding in a simple way, silicone rubber heating elements in all kind of composites, without altering their outstanding properties.
The developed heating elements can be easily integrated during standard composite manufacturing processes known by those skilled-in the art, as hand and spray lay up, resin transfer moulding (RTM), resin injection moulding (RIM), sheet moulding compound (SMC), vacuum assisted resin transfer (VARTM) and prepreg autoclave curing.
The developed embeddable heating elements have as main constituents (see figure below):
The usual polymers and reinforcements used for the composite manufacturing are compatible with the developed heating elements. Polymer matrixes as acrylic, epoxy, melamine, phenolic, vinyl ester and urethane and reinforcements as glass, carbon and aramide fibers can be used. Depending on the final composite, the new heating technology can be applied with different material supports:
Electrical parameters of the heating element are obtained modifying:
Electrically conductive silicone based on carbon nanofillers.
Thicknesses, filler densities, electrode distance and length allow a density power configuration.